District Profile


Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

S.N. Farming system/enterprise
AES I Agriculture + Livestock + Fisheries + Horticulture
AES II Agriculture+ Livestock + Horticulture
AES III Agriculture + Livestock
AES IV Agriculture + Livestock
AES V Agriculture + Pastoriculture + Olericulture
AES VI Fisheries + Poultry + Silviculture
AES VII Agriculture + Livestock + Olericulture

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situation ( based on soil and topography

S.N. Agro climatic Zone Av. Rainfall (mm) Temperature (C) Soil Type Cropping Intensity (%) Limitation
1 Eastern Plain 800 Max : 41.4
Min : 5.7
Alluvial soil with varying proportion of silt and clay, sandy loam in south east part 138 Large areas alkaline/saline and sizable areas under water logged & diara

Soil Type/s

S.N. Soil Type Characteristics Area in ha
1 Loam/Clay Loam, Irrigated 70133
2 Loam/Clay Loam, Rain fed 24388
3 Sodic soil, Irrigated 4274
4 Sodic soil, Rain fed 1287
5 Low land 30-45 cm depth 5285
6 Deep land, pond, Reservoir and lake 3967
7 Diara and river bed, Tauns & Ghaghra 3679

Source : District statistical Magazine, Mau


Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (Qtl) Productivity (Qtl/ha)
1 Rice 89833 1958370 21.8
2 Wheat 78285 1972050 25.2
3 Lentil 295 3450 11.68
4 Gram 1346 15640 11.62
5 Pea 1630 19500 11.96
6 Pigeon pea 2772 28360 10.23
7 Mustard 137 1370 9.97
8 Sugarcane 7172 3108580 433.4
9 Potato 1220 240860 197.37

Weather Data

Month Rainfall (mm) Temperature ( C ) Relative Humidity (%)
July 520 Maximum : 42.0
Minimum : 32.0
82
August 250 Maximum : 42.0
Minimum : 32.0
85
September 110 Maximum : 38.0
Minimum : 28.0
82
October Nil Maximum : 32.0
Minimum : 26.0
65
November 25 Maximum : 23.0
Minimum : 18.0
60
December 20 Maximum : 20.0
Minimum : 10.0
55
January 60 Maximum : 20.0
Minimum : 8.0
68
February 20 Maximum : 28.0
Minimum : 15.0
64
March Nil Maximum : 34.0
Minimum : 26.0
58
April Nil Maximum : 36.0
Minimum : 30.0
55
May Nil Maximum : 40.0
Minimum : 30.0
55
June 360 Maximum : 44.0
Minimum : 34.0
58

Source : District statistical Magazine, Mau


Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

Category Population Production Productivity
Cattle 328022 6044.02 1.84kg/ha
Buffalo 154682 36040q 2.33kg/ha
Sheep 5982
Goats 165352 7910 q 4.78 kg/ha
Pigs 23145 9258 q 40.0 kg/ha
Poultry 265910
Fish 264 (ha) 2832 (q) 10.73 q/ha

Source : District statistical Magazine, Mau

Details of Operational area / Villages


Details of Operational area/ Villages covered

S.N. Taluka Name of the Block Name of the Village Major Crops & Enterprises Major Problem Identified Identified Thrust Areas
1 Mau Pardaha Ratanpura Paniara, Tajopur, Hardaspur, Dumraon, Haldharpur, Pilkhi, Khalishpur Paddy, Wheat, Pea, Mustard, Gram, Dairy
  1. Poor productivity due to usar soil
  2. Unavailability of quality seed
  3. Unavailability cross breed
  1. Z.T. programme on rice, wheat, pea, mustard and gram
  2. Al programme through BAIF
  3. Training, demonstration
2 Mohammadabad Gohna Ranipur & Mohammadabad Gohna Prabhutanda, Bara, Samsabad Paddy, Wheat, Mustard, Gram, Fish farming
  1. Poor productivity due to usar soil
  2. Unavailability of quality seed
  3. Unavailability improved finger links
  1. Z.T. programme on rice, wheat and gram
  2. Al-programme through BAIF
  3. Training demonstration
3 Ghosi Kopaganj & Ghosi Adari, Alinagar, Dighera, Majhawara Saharoj & Semari Vegetable, Paddy, Wheat, & Gram
  1. Poor productivity due to usar soil
  2. Unavailability of quality seed
  1. Use of usar tolerant varieties
  2. Z.T. programme on rice, wheat, arhar, and gram
  3. Training, demonstration
4 Madhuban Doharighat Surajpur Paddy, Arhar
  1. Low lying water lagged area
  2. Poor productivity due to sandy and light soil
  3. Unavailability of quality seed
  1. Water logged variety of paddy like Jal lahari, Madhukar may be useful
  2. Integrated fish farming (Paddy+ fish) may be useful
  3. Training and Demonstration

Total villages adopted-5

  1. Village- Khukhundwa, Block Kopaganj
  2. Village- Sarwa, Block Pardaha
  3. Village- Semri Jamalpur, Block Ghoshi
  4. Village- Thalaipur, Block Ratanpura
  5. Village- Rampur Sohne, Block Badraon

Priority Thrust Areas

S.N. Thrust Area
1. (TA-1) The District suffers adversely with problem of flood and water logging covering a large area almost every year. This can be tackled by popularizing water-logging rice varieties i.e., Madhukar (Flooded situation) and Jal Priya & Jal Lahari (Water-logged condition) in these problem soils.
2. (TA-2) About 78 percent area is under irrigation yet per hectare productivity of cereals. Oilseeds; pulses are low in the district. this poor productivity is only due to lack of knowledge and unavailability of improved variety seed. So there is need of dissemination of need based and location specific appropriate technology among the farming community. Beside this seed replacement programme should also be taken up on massive scale by involving progressive farmers and rural youth in self-seed production programme.
3. (TA-3) A vast area of the district about 3000 ha is under sodic soil (usar) which is lying uncultivated due to zero or nominal yield potential. There is need of planned efforts to change usar land green by Appropriate usar reclamation technology.
4. (TA-4) There is only 3 percent area under horticulture in the district, it has got very conducive atmosphere for developing fruit belt. The technology of fruit plantation of agro forestry is to be disseminated among the farmers through imparting skill training and adoptive trails/ demonstrations.
5. (TA-5) Mau, Ghosi, Kopaganj. Adari, Doharighat and Mohammdabad are some of the few towns around which vegetable production may be profitable business. Effort should be made and popularize important seasonal vegetable and vegetable seed production programme in the nearly villages around these towns.
6. (TA-6) The district has very poor breed of cattle, to overcome this problem there is need to undertake cross breeding programme top promote the cattle development. Mau city is dominated by Muslim population; there is big scope for Broiler farming, goat keeping, and back, and back yard poultry.
7. (TA-7) Improved agricultural implements i.e., Zero Till machine, Paddy Drum Seeder, Ridge Maker Disc harrow, Seed cum ferti-drill, paddy transplanter and reaper are in less use. There is need of skill oriented training/ demonstration of these implements for proper land preparation, seed and fertilizer placement and saving of labour/ man power.